China Hosts Africa 

Ethiopian Business Delegation attends 4th China – Africa Conference of Entrepreneurs

By Adisu Tekle

An Ethiopian Business Delegation led by President of the Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations (ECCSA) Mulu Solomon participated in the “FOCAC 4th China – Africa Conference of Entrepreneurs” held in Beijing from July 18 – 19, 2012.

The Conference was officially opened by the Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of China in the presence of a number of African leaders and Ministers.

Head of the Ethiopian Business Delegation Mulu Solomon was one of the guest speakers on the august event. In her speech, the President emphasized on the corporate social responsibility of businesses and the Chambers of Commerce and outlined the activities being undertaken by the Ethiopian business community at large and the role of the Chambers in coordinating and leading matters pertaining to corporate social responsibility.

In pursuant to the program of the conference business match-making was conducted on the morrow of the opening ceremony. There were about 1000 African and Chinese companies participating in the Business to Business (B2B) meeting. At the event, Chinese entrepreneurs from various industries have held extensive exchanges and negotiations with business representation in Africa on the basis of equality and mutual benefit.

 Meanwhile, the Delegation of ECCSA also held discussions with Ambassador of Ethiopia to China Seyoum Mesfin with special emphasis on the Business Delegation of China comprising seventy seven members that is expected to visit Ethiopia in the first week of September 2012.

‘China Daily’ newspaper writes on the ever snowballing China –Africa bilateral relations as follows: “as china strengthens its ties with Africa, Chinese enterprises will increase their investment in Africa in the near future.” The Chinese investment in Africa will surge in the second half of this year while the processing industry will become a magnet for Chinese investments in the long term, the newspaper added.

The second half of this year will see a 10 per cent investment increase over the same period last year. China will offer 20 Billion USD in loans to African countries over the next three years, which will greatly encourage Chinese investment in Africa, it was noted.

In 2011, China’s non financial direct investment in Africa increased by 58.9 per cent year-on-year, according to the information from Ministry of Commerce of China.

According to Chinese officials, Chinese investment in Africa is very broad. It is expected that the processing industry of Africa will attract more Chinese investment in the long run, because the continent is now embarking on a phase of industrialization that will enable each country to keep the added value in the continent.

The United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon summarized the event’s importance by saying: “Today, this relationship of equality and mutual benefit is scaling new heights… this deepening partnership is bringing gains to both sides. It is creating opportunities for African countries to diversify their economies, create jobs and improve health care and education. It is contributing to the world economy at a time when traditional drivers are in economic downturn.”

Gumqata, Diteli 12, 2012 12:34:00 PM Categories: English

የኢንዘማም ዋና ጸሃፊ ከራሺያ የንግድ እና ኢንዱስትሪ ምክር ቤት ተወካይ ጋር ተወያዩ 

የኢትዮጵያ የንግድ እና ዘርፍ ማህበራት ምክር ቤት ዋና ጸሃፊ አቶ ጋሻው ደበበ ከራሺያ ፌደሬሽን የንግድ እና ኢንዱስትሪ ምክር ቤት ተወካይ ፕሮፌሰር አሙር ዲ. ካንቻቬሊ በሁለቱም ሃገራት ስላለው የንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንት ሁኔታ ላይ ተወያዩ፡፡

ዋና ጸሃፊው እንደተናገሩት ኢትዮጵያና ራሺያ ለረጅም ዘመናት የቆየ ፖለቲካዊ፤ ዲፕሎማሲያዊ እና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ግንኙነት እንዳላቸው ጠቅሰው በሁለቱም ሃገራት ያለውን የንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንት ግንኙነት ለማጠናከር ከሁለቱም ሃገራዊ ምክር ቤቶች ብዙ እንደሚጠበቅ ገልፀዋል፡፡ ከቅርብ ዓመታት ወዲህ ኢትዮጵያ አመርቂ የሚባሉ ማህበራዊ እና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ለውጦችን እያስመዘገበች እንደሆነ የተናገሩት ዋና ጸሃፊው የራሺያ ባለሃብቶች ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያለውን ምቹ የኢንቨስትመንት ሁኔታ እንዲጠቀሙበት መክረዋል፡፡ የራሺያ ባለሃብቶች በተለያዩ የኢንቨስትመንት መስኮች ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ መሰማራት እንደሚችሉ ጠቅሰው በተለይ በእርሻ፤ አግሮ-ፕሮሰሲንግ፤ ኢንዱስትሪ፤ ጨርቃጨርቅ፤ ኮንስትራክሽን፤ ሪል ኢስቴት እና በመሳሰሉት ቢሰማሩ የበለጠ ተጠቃሚ ሊሆኑ እንደሚችሉ ገልጸውላቸዋል፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ እና ራሺያ መካከል ያለውን የንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንት ግንኙነት ለማጠናከር የሁለቱም ሃገራት የንግድ ማህበረሠቦች የማይተካ ሚና እንዳላቸው ገልፀው ይህንንም ለማሣካት በሁለቱም ሃገራዊ ምክር ቤቶች መካከል የመግባቢያ ሠነድ ቢፈረም የንግድ ትስስሩትን የበለጠ እንደሚያጠናክረው ገልፀዋል፡፡

ፕሮፌሰር ዲ. ካንቻቬሊ በበኩላቸው ኢትዮጵያ እና ራሺያ የቆየ ታሪካዊ ትስስር እንዳላቸው ጠቅሰው የሁለቱን ሃገራት የንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንት ትስስር ለማጠናከር በሁለቱም በኩል ብዙ ሥራ መከናወን እንዳለበት ተናግረዋል፡፡ ራሺያ ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር ያላትን የንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንት ግንኙነት ወደ ላቀ ደረጃ ማሸጋገር እንደምትፈልግ ገልፀው የራሺያ ባለሃብቶች ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ኢንቨስት ለማድረግ ፍላጎቱ እንዳላቸው ገልፀዋል፡፡ የሁለቱን ሃገራት ንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንትን ለማጠናከር እንዲሁም የራሺያ ምርቶችን በኢትዮጵያ ለማስተዋውቅ የሚያግዝ ቋሚ የንግድ ኤግዚቢሽን ማዕከል በአዲስ አበባ ለመክፈት ራሺያ ዕቅድ እንዳላት ተናግረዋል፡፡ ይሄንን ዕቅድ ከዳር ለማድረስ የኢትዮጵያ ሃገራዊ ምክር ቤት የበኩሉን እገዛ እንዲያደርግላቸውም ጠይቀዋል፡፡

አቶ ጋሻው በበኩላቸው የራሺያ ቋሚ ኤግዚቢሽን ማዕከል በኢትዮጵያ መከፈቱ የሁለቱም ሃገራት ግንኙነት እነደሚያጠናክረው ገልፀው ዕቅዱን ከዳር ለማድረስ ሃገራዊ ምክር ቤቱ ከጎናቸው እነደሆነ ገልፀውላቸዋል፡፡

Gumqata, Diteli 12, 2012 12:32:00 PM Categories: Amharic

የኢንዘማም ዋና ጸሃፊና የጋቦን አምባሳደር ተወያዩ 

የኢትዮጵያ የንግድ እና ዘርፍ ማህበራት ምክር ቤት (ኢንዘማም) ዋና ጸሐፊ አቶ ጋሻው ደበበ በኢትዮጵያ፤ ኬንያ እና ታንዛንያ የጋቦን ባለሙሉ ሥልጣን አምባሳደር የሆኑትን ሚስተር አንድሬ ዊሊያም አንጉሌን በጽህፈት ቤታቸው ተቀብለው አነጋገሩ፡፡

አቶ ጋሻው እንደተናገሩት በኢትጵያና ጋቦን መካከል የጎላ የንግድ እና ቢዝነስ ግንኙነት እንደሌለ ጠቅሰው በሁለቱም ሃገራት መካከል የንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንት ግንኙነትን ለማጠናከር ብዙ ስራ መሰራት እንዳለበት ተናግረዋል፡፡ የሁለቱም ሃገራት የንግድ ማህበረሰቦች ተቀራርበው መስራት እንዳለባቸው እና ለዚህም የተለያዩ ንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንትን የሚያበረታቱ እንቅስቃሴዎች መዘጋጀት አንዳለባቸው ጠቁሟል፡፡

አምባሳደር አንድሬ በበኩላቸው በኢትዮጵያ እና ጋቦን መንግስታት መካከል ጠንካራ ዲፕሎማሲያዊ ግንኙነት እንዳለ ጠቅሰው ይህ ግንኙነት የሁለቱን ሃገራት የህዝብ ለህዝብ ቁርኝት፤ የንግድ እና ኢንቨስትመንት ግንኙነት ይበልጥ እና በቀላሉ ለማጠናከር እንደሚያግዝ ጠቁመዋል፡፡ በሚቀጥለው ዓመት የኢትዮጵያን መልካም ገጽታ የሚያሳይ ለአንድ ሣምንት የሚቆይ የንግድ ትርዒት እና ባዛር በጋቦን ርዕሠ መዲና ለማዘጋጀት ሃሳቡ እንዳላቸው አምባሳደሩ ተናግረዋል፡፡ ለዚህም ሃገራዊ ምክር ቤቱ እገዛ እንደሚያደርግላቸው ያላቸውን እምነት ገልጸዋል፡፡  

አቶ ጋሻው በበኩላቸው የኢትዮጵያን በጎ ገጽታ የሚያሳይ የንግድ ትርዒት እና ባዛር በጋቦን ለማዘጋጀት መታሰቡ የሚደነቅ ተግባር መሆኑን ገልጸው ይህ የንግድ ትርዒት እና ባዛር የኢትዮጵያን መልካም ገጽታ ከመገንባት በተጨማሪ የሁለቱን ሃገራት የንግድ ማህበረሰብ እንደሚያቀራርብ ያላቸውን እምነት ገልጸዋል፡፡ ይህንን ለማሳካትም ሃገራዊ ምክር ቤቱ የተቻለውን ሁሉ እንደሚያደርግ ቃል ገብተዋል፡፡

Gumqata, Diteli 12, 2012 12:31:00 PM

ዋና ፀሐፊው የኮሪያ የልማት ትብብር ኤጀንሲ ልዑካንን አነጋገሩ 

የኢትዮጵያ የንግድና ዘርፍ ማኅበራት ምክር ቤት የኮሪያ ዓለም አቀፍ የልማት ትብብር ኤጀንሲ (ኮይካ) ልዑካንን ነሀሴ 2 ቀን 2004 ዓ.ም. በፅ/ቤታቸው አነጋገሩ፡፡

የኤጀንሲው የኢትዮጵያ ፕሮጀክት ሥራ አስኪያጅ ሚስተር ዮንግ ዉን ቸንግ እና ዳልበርግ የተሰኘው የዓለም አቀፍ ልማት አማካሪዎች ተወካይ ሚስተር ጄሰን ዌንድል ለዋና ፀሀፊው ሀገሪቱ እየተገበረች ባለችው የእድገትና የትራንስፎርሜሽን እቅድ ኤጀንሲው የራሱን አስተዋፅዎ ማበርከት እንደሚፈልግ ገልፀው በመንግስት ከፍተኛ ትኩረት ያላገኙ ዘርፎች ላይ አስተያየት እንዲሰጡ ጠይቀዋል፡፡

እቅዱንም ለመተግበር ፕሮጀክት መቅረፃቸወን የገለፁት ሚስተር ዌንድል የፕሮጀክቱን ዋና ፍሬ ሀሳብ ለዋና ፀሐፊው አቅርበዋል፡፡ ፕሮጀክቱ የሀገሪቱን የልማት እንቅስቃሴ ለማገዝ በአምራች ኢንዱስትሪዎች፣ በአገልግሎት፣ በማዕድን ቁፋሮ ኣና በኮንስትራክሽን ዘርፍ ለማገዝ ያለመ ሲሆን በፕሮጀክቱ ላይ አስተያየት እንዲሰጡ ዋና ፀሐፊውን ጠይቀዋል፡፡

ዋና ፀሐፊው የሀገራዊ ምክር ቤቱን ተልዕኮና ራዕይ ለልዑካኑ በመግለፅ መንግሥት ለኢንቨስትመንት ዘርፍ መስፋፋትና ለግሉ ዘርፍ እድገት ከፍተኛ ትኩረት በመሥጠት በርካታ የልማት ተግባራትን እያከናወነ እንደሆነ ገልፀዋል፡፡

ይሁንና አሁንም ተገቢውን ትኩረት ያላገኙና ገና ያልተሰራባቸው ዘርፎች መኖራቸውን የገለፁት ዋና ፀሐፊው ኮይካ በቱሪዝም፣ በግብርና ምርቶች ማቀነባበሪያ እና በመሳሰሉት መስኮች ተሰማርቶ የሀገሪቱን የልማት እንቅስቃሴ መደገፍ እንደሚችል ተናግረዋል፡፡

በተጨማሪም ዋና ፀሐፊው ስለሀገሪቱ የወጪ ንግድ ፖሊሲ፤ የጉምሩክ አሰራር ስርዓት እና በመሳሰሉት ጉዳይ ላይ ጠቅለል ያለ ማብራሪያ ሰጥተዋል፡፡

Gumqata, Diteli 12, 2012 12:21:00 PM

Boosting Intra-Africa Trade  

PACCI holds 4th Executive, Consultative Experts Meetings

It is a commonplace truism that trade is widely accepted as an important engine of economic growth and development. There are many regions and countries of the world that have been able to lift their peoples from poverty to prosperity through trade. Although the African economy is characterized by a relatively high degree of openness, trade has not yet served as a potent instrument for the achievement of rapid and sustainable economic growth and development for many of the countries. As a consequence, Africa remains the most aid‐dependent continent of the world, unable to eliminate poverty through trade.

The failure of African trade to serve as a catalyst for sustainable economic growth and poverty alleviation stems partly due to the fact that Africa’s export trade is heavily concentrated on primary commodities that are characterized by relatively slow growth and price instability, among others. The share of Africa in global trade is insignificant. Not only is the share of the continent relatively small, but the participation of African countries in the dynamic sectors of global trade, especially manufacturing and services, has been limited due partly to supply‐side constraints and lack of competitiveness.

A key feature of Africa’s trade, which has had some adverse implications for its impact on economic growth and development, is its high external orientation and relatively low level of intra‐regional trade. That African countries do not trade much with each other has meant that they have been unable to fully harness the synergies and complementarities of their economies and take full advantage of the economies of scale and other benefits such as income and employment generation, that greater market integration would have provided. There are cases where products and services could have been sourced competitively from other African countries but were procured from outside the continent.

In an irony of history, however, recent years have witnessed a significant improvement in the economic growth performance of Africa amidst global financial crisis and the resultant economic mayhem. For instance, out of the ten rapidly growing economies in the world, six are found in Africa. The improvement in Africa’s growth performance has been due to a number of factors, but most importantly, it is due to the fact that several African countries have created a conducive domestic environment for growth through the adoption and implementation of economic policy reforms and improvement of macroeconomic management. Moreover, there has been a significant change in the perception of the role of African business in economic growth. In almost all African countries, the private sector is now seen as a key engine and prime mover of economic growth. Public-private sector partnership is growing on the continent. The increased recognition of the importance of the private sector as an engine of growth notwithstanding, the sector is still confronted with a number of challenges which limit its possibilities. Although Africa’s business environment is becoming more conducive, there are some areas where much still needs to be done to improve investment friendliness. Maintenance and enhancement of Africa’s recent economic growth requires the sustenance, broadening and deepening of economic integration in the continent.

To this end, the Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PACCI) is believed to serve as a forum for the forging and consolidation of a collective vision and action for the promotion of economic development in Africa and economic integration of the African countries. Moreover, it is entrusted with the Herculean task of promoting intra-African trade and investment within African countries, boosting export trade and facilitating trade and investment information in a bid to creating vibrant business communities in Africa.

Recently, the Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PACCI) held its 4th Executive and Consultative Experts Meeting on the Role of the PACCI in boosting intra-Africa trade at the Hilton Hotel.

Opening the Meeting, Executive Director of PACCI Kebour Ghenna recalled that trade is the driving force for ensuring an all rounded socioeconomic growth. In the same vein, he said, African countries need to boost trade within them to enhance their socio-economic development. “The African private sector should work as a catalyst to ensure rapid economic growth in the continent,” the Executive Director said. The Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry is becoming instrumental that would serve as a forum for consolidating economic integration in Africa, he added.   

President of the Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations (ECCSA) Mulu Solomon on her part said that African economic, social and cultural integration should be the centerpiece of the continent’s growth and development endeavors. “Mental emancipation and liberation is the driving force for creating a developmental mind-set. Africans should be liberated from the yoke of poverty through creating a mind-set favorable for development,” she underscored. To this end, she went on saying, the African private sector has an irreplaceable role in accelerating the overall development and growth of the continent. African countries should work hard to boost trade between and among them to become competitive in the global world economy, Mulu said.

The President further said that ECCSA and the Ethiopian business community in general will be standing in realizing the underlying causes of the Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The business communities of African countries, in collaboration with their respective governments and other development partners, should work aggressively to further enhance intra-Africa trade and investment in the continent, she added.

Apart from its ongoing efforts of creating a vibrant private sector and business friendly environment in the country, the Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations (ECCSA) has been providing an all-round institutional capacity support to PACCI with a view to contributing to the development of African private sector and enhancing its role in the economic affairs of the African continent. However, it is believed that in a view to realizing the noble causes of PACCI and fulfilling its commitments, member countries should pay their prescribed membership fee duly. It is an established fact that if member countries fail to contribute their Yeoman’s services timely, the fundamental ideals of PACCI would remain a crying in the wilderness.

Participants drawn from different African countries discussed on various issues and shared their experiences with regards to the role of the private sector in boosting African trade in general and intra-African trade in particular, the importance of partnership of African countries with emerging economies like India and the role of industry in the overall development of the continent, among others.

Gumqata, Diteli 12, 2012 12:17:00 PM

ECCSA Secretary General confers with RCCI Representative on Bilateral Trade, Investment Relations 

The Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations (ECCSA) Secretary General Gashaw Debebe conferred with Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI) representative Professor Amur D. Kanchaveli on the bilateral trade and investment relations of the two sisterly countries in his office recently.

The Secretary General recalled that Ethiopia and Russia have longstanding bilateral economic, diplomatic, cultural and political relationships. He explained the efforts of the Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations (ECCSA) in creating a vibrant private sector in Ethiopia, the organizational, structural and role of the ECCSA as well. Gashaw said that there are various potential business areas where Ethiopian and Russian investors could work on together. 

The Secretary General said that Ethiopia is a country endowed with untapped and immense investment opportunities in the areas of agriculture, livestock, agro-processing, manufacturing, industry, construction, real-estate and tourism, among others. He further said that the country for seven consecutive years has registered a double digit growth which is one of the highest in Africa and the world at large. This phenomenal success is the result of, among others, the presence of feasible economic policy that highly favors private investment, he added.

Various trade and investment incentives such as duty free rights for importing machineries, spare parts and inputs; exemption from internal taxes, tax holiday and much more benefits the country provides ensure trade and investment activities with huge returns. Ethiopia is also a member of MIGA. Hence, there is a strong and transparent investment protection and guarantee laws in Ethiopia.

Furthermore, the country enjoys duty free markets access from various parts and countries of the world. The duty free market access under EU’s Everything But Arms (EBA) initiatives, the vast market access through AGOA, can be cited as major instances for this. Moreover, a broad range of manufactured goods from Ethiopia are bestowed with preferential access under the GSP to Canada, Japan, and other countries. In addition, India and China also entitle duty and quota free market access to most Ethiopian products. Not only that the country is an active member of the COMESA that provides access to 19 countries having a population of over 420 million, Ethiopia is also in the process to join the World Trade Organization (WTO). These, he said, would attract a number of Russian investors to come and invest in Ethiopia.

The RCCI representative, Professor D. Kanchaveli, who is also the official representative in the Kingdom of Marocco, on his part said that Russia is keen in further boosting its trade and investment relations with Ethiopia. He said that Ethiopia is increasingly becoming an investment destination for various foreign investors and there are potential investment areas for Russian investors too. Kanchaveli said that Russia envisions having a permanent exhibition center in Addis Ababa with a view to strengthening its trade and investment relationships with Ethiopia. Russian products will be displayed in the envisaged exhibition center, according to Kanchaveli. He requested the ECCSA to extend its support to the Russian Chamber in the latter’s efforts of establishing the exhibition center.

Gashaw appreciated the idea of establishing a permanent Russian exhibition center in Ethiopia and the ECCSA will extend its support in making this initiative a reality. He also proposed for the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the national chambers of the two countries that would serve cement their overall relationships.

Gumqata, Diteli 12, 2012 12:15:00 PM

Zero Tolerance Policy towards Illegal Human Trafficking! 

Quiet lately, officials of the Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations (ECCSA) gave press conference on the role of the national chamber in particular and the business community in general to curb illegal human trafficking – specifically, the ever increasing out-flow of young girls and women to the Middle East.

Across the nation, tens of thousands of women and young girls are trafficked each year. But what surprises most — is the rate it is happening and its magnitude in both urban and rural areas.

Women and girls trafficking, and human trafficking in general, is one of those unspoken human tragedies – buried because of the misconceived attitude of the public towards it.

Young women, mostly with only of primary education and unskilled, from various parts of Ethiopia are subjected to domestic servitude throughout the Middle East, as well as in Sudan, and many transit through Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, or Yemen as they emigrate seeking work. Some women become stranded and exploited in these transit countries, unable to reach their intended destinations. Many Ethiopian women working in domestic service in the Middle East face severe abuses indicative of forced labor, including physical and sexual assault, denial of salary, sleep deprivation, and confinement. Many are driven to despair and mental illness, with some committing suicide. Ethiopian women are also exploited in the sex trade after migrating for labor purposes, or after escaping abusive employers in the Middle East.

Human trafficking is first and foremost a human rights issue. It exploits people’s dreams for a better future, robs them of their dignity, and violates their basic human rights!

ECCSA believes that human trafficking is a global problem in which different countries play a variety of roles - they can serve as a source, transit and /or a destination for trafficking and it entails the integrated actions of those countries. Internally, the best way to combat trafficking is to let people in the community know that it occurs frequently and explain the warning signs – giving awareness on the abominal tragedies of the practice. When people know what to look for, they are in a position to step in. All that remains then is having the courage to stand up for those who cannot help themselves.

As a representative group of the private sector, the ECCSA has set plans to spearhead the ongoing efforts of fighting human trafficking by organizing the business community. The private sector has a role to play in these ongoing efforts by creating job opportunities for the young population. ECCSA believes that the best panacea for the ever increasing magnitude of the problem is to ensure sustainable and equitable development throughout the nation that would benefit the people at all levels, and most importantly, the youth.

Gumqata, Diteli 12, 2012 12:10:00 PM
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